La Plata Electric Association set ambitious goals this week to cut its carbon footprint by 50 percent and keep costs lower than 70 percent of its peer cooperatives in Colorado.
LPEA’s board unanimously approved a goal to reduce the co-op’s carbon footprint by 50 percent from 2018 levels by 2030 while keeping electricity costs low for members.
Board member Davin Montoya, a fiscal hawk, said he supported the goal because it addresses residents’ top concerns.
“Keeping rates low and affordable is usually the No. 1 concern,” he said.
Cutting carbon has also been a high priority for residents, who are concerned about climate change.
The goal was developed by LPEA staff and is meant to be realistic and broad enough to take into account the effect of new technologies that will reduce carbon emissions, but are not widespread or developed yet, said Ron Meier, manager of engineering and member relations. For example, advanced air filters may help radically cut emissions at power plants, he said.
LPEA member bills are already lower than 70 percent of other Colorado co-ops and LPEA plans to maintain low rates when compared to other co-ops no matter what carbon-cutting measures the co-op takes, Meier said.
LPEA board member Rachel Landis said she believes LPEA set an achievable goal and appreciates that it is broad in scope.
“It opens up all kinds of opportunities for how we meet it,” she said.
It will likely take a year or longer for LPEA staff to develop a plan for how to achieve the new goal, Meier said. The co-op also plans to do an analysis to calculate its 2018 carbon footprint, factoring in all the power it purchases and all its operations, Meier said.
A major factor in LPEA’s carbon footprint is the 95 percent of its energy that it is contracted to purchase from Tri-State Generation and Transmission until 2050. Tri-State has similar contracts with an additional 42 electric co-ops. All the co-ops that purchase power from Tri-State also own and govern the generation and transmission company.
Some residents have called on LPEA to buyout of its contract with Tri-State in order to develop more local renewable energy, which they argue could bolster the local economy, protect the environment and lower rates long-term because the price of renewable energy is falling. Other residents oppose a buyout because it may be risky and costly.
However, it might be possible for LPEA to cut its carbon footprint by 50 percent without leaving Tri-State, Landis and Montoya said
The falling cost of renewable power and state policy to pursue renewable energy could encourage Tri-State to make more investments in alternative energy, Landis said.
“There is certainly external pressure and that gives me some hope,” she said.
Last week, Tri-State announced plans to build a 100 mega-watt solar array, across 660 acres in Las Animas County, according to a news release. The project will more than double Tri-State’s solar production.
The wholesale supplier states on its website it produces 30 percent of its power through renewable sources, but it also relies heavily on coal-fired power plants.
LPEA may also be able to purchase more renewable power if Tri-State co-op members vote to change Tri-State’s bylaws in the spring.
United Power, a Tri-State co-op in metro-Denver, is trying to rally support among the co-ops that own and govern Tri-State to support a bylaw change that would allow Tri-State co-ops to purchase more power from sources outside of Tri-State.
Tri-State is also interested in changing its bylaws this spring to introduce new classes of membership to the co-op, that would not have to abide by the 5 percent cap, Meier said. Tri-State wants to adjust the bylaws because it is interested in accepting new members that have existing contracts with other power suppliers, he said.
It is not known if LPEA could change its membership class to increase its ability to purchase power from other suppliers, he said.
In recent months, LPEA has also been exploring alternatives to purchasing power from Tri-State, through a power-supply committee, a group that plans to present its findings to the whole LPEA board in April, Meier said. The findings of the committee could inform a buyout from Tri-State.
Many factors that could effect LPEA’s power supply are in flux and in the changing electricity market Meier described the new goal as an important “start.”
“We have just put a big statement out there and now the membership is going to judge that statement and whether that’s what they want and they will let us know and we will adjust accordingly,” he said.